What is a defective return notice u/s 139(9)?

Imagine this: you’ve filed your tax return, thinking you’ve aced it, only to find out it’s marked as ‘defective.’ Don’t break a sweat just yet – let’s explore mystery together!

What is a defective return?

So, you’ve hit that “File” button, thinking your ITR filing is over. But lo and behold, you receive a notice saying your return is “defective.” What’s that all about? It’s like getting a pop quiz after you thought you’d aced the exam.

When some information is missed while filing your ITR or is entered wrongly, the return is regarded as a defective return. In such cases, the IT Department issues a defective return notice in accordance with Section 139(9) to correct the inaccuracies in the return.

When is a defective return notice issued?

Defective returns notice usually come knocking when essential details are missing or incorrect – maybe you forgot to sign, or your PAN is incorrect. Section 139(9) steps in here, giving you a chance to correct these oopsie moments.

How is notice u/s 139(9) issued?

ITD will issue the notice u/s 139(9) on your email ID entered while filing the income tax return. The sender of these emails is usually Central Processing Centre (CPC). The email’s subject is ‘Communication u/s 139(9) for PAN AWZXXXXXXX for the A.Y.2020-21’.

The defective return notice is attached to the email and is password protected. The password to open the notice is PAN in lower case and the date of birth in DDMMYYYY format. Eg: mnopq1212c12101987 for PAN: MNOPQ1212C and DOB: 12/10/1987.

What to do if you receive this notice?

Now, here’s where it gets interesting. You have a limited window to fix the hiccups – usually within 15 days from the notice date. It’s like a grace period to polish up your return and ensure it aligns with the ITDs guidelines.

Once you’ve made corrections in your return, you need to resubmit the return. If all’s well, you’re back in the game; if not, there might be further instructions from the ITD in the future.


If you receive a notice, take a deep breath, review what went wrong, and get it back on track.

Remember, nobody’s perfect, and sometimes a little “defective” label is just an opportunity to fine-tune your tax return.

Read more about How to Respond to 139(9) of Income Tax Act - Learn by Quicko